Although the Turkish rugs are prevalent in sixteenth-century Portuguese painting (accounting for two-thirds of the known representations), none of them reached the present day; in national collections, are only two carpets of the XVII century Ushak medallion and some fragments of a star oushak rugs (National Museum of Ancient Art, Lisbon).
Created initially as luxury items for the Ottoman court in the late fifteenth century, these oushak rugs are associated with the city of Ushak (centro¬oeste Anatolia), the most active of carpet production center in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The medallion rugs feature centralized compositions with large medallions circumvented by necklaces and topped by outstanding at each end, while the Star rugs feature intricate designs of ocotillos medallions and secondary reasons diamond-shaped arranged in lattice.
12 Photos Gallery of: History of Turkey Oushak Rugs
Both types are distributed according to the pallet feature Ushak colors, in which the vermelho¬tomate, dark blue and golden yellow predominate; they are covered by floral arabesques and flowers loosely sprinkled originally inspired by Persian miniatures, bindings and carpet designs. The first Italian representations of these mostram¬nos Turkish carpets to cover the steps in front of the Doge Andrea Gritty in Return of the Ring to the Doge of Paris Burdon, 1534 (Galleries dellAccademia, Venice); the oushak rugs would probably have just arrived in Venice as diplomatic offers.